A sexually transmitted infection (STI) is an infection that can be transmitted from one person to another through sexual contact (exchange of semen, vaginal fluids, blood or other body fluids).
A blood borne infection is transmitted through contact with infected blood.
To reduce the risks of contracting sexually transmitted and blood borne infections, it is advisable to:
- Limit your number of sexual and drug use partners;
- Know your sexual or drug use partners’ medical history (infections or communicable diseases);
- Inform your sexual partners if you have a sexually transmitted or blood borne infection and make sure they are being tested and treated;
- Have safe sex;
- Never share drug use equipment with other partners;
- Make sure that you have tattoo and body piercing done with sterile equipment;
- Have regular medical check-ups;
- Talk to a health care provider about the vaccines available to protect you against certain diseases (hepatitis and human papillomavirus);
- Contact AIDS New Brunswick for information, support, and a disposable needle exchange program.
Anyone wishing to talk to a health care professional about sexually transmitted and blood borne infections (STBBI) can call:
- Family physician;
- Nurse practitioner;
- Tele-Care (811).
For more information
- Sexually Transmitted Infections (STI)
- AIDS New Brunswick
- The Public Health Act and its regulations form the legal basis for reporting and investigating notifiable communicable diseases and for control efforts.
- New Brunswick Regulation 2009 136 under the Public Health Act
- Communicable Disease Control (notifiable disease)
- Reporting forms for notifiable diseases and reportable events